Yachilendo zinyalala zobwezeretsanso kanthu

Brazil |Ntchito yamafuta a Ethanol
Mu 1975, pulogalamu yayikulu yopangira mafuta a ethanol kuchokera ku bagasse idayambitsidwa;

Germany |Malamulo ozungulira chuma ndi zinyalala
Ndondomeko ya Engriffsregelung (ndondomeko yotetezera zachilengedwe ndi gwero la "chipukuta misozi") inayambitsidwa mu 1976;
Mu 1994, Bundestag idapereka Circular Economy and Waste Law, yomwe idayamba kugwira ntchito mu 1996 ndipo idakhala lamulo lapadera lomanga chuma chozungulira komanso kuchotsa zinyalala ku Germany.Kwa zinyalala zakumalo, Germany idapanga dongosolo la Kassel (dzina la yunivesite yaku Germany): nthambi zakufa za munda, masamba, maluwa ndi zinyalala zina, zotsalira za chakudya zakukhitchini, zinyalala za zipatso ndi zinyalala zina kukhala matumba apulasitiki owonongeka, kenako ndikuyikamo chidebe chosonkhanitsira. .

United States |Lamulo Losunga Zida ndi Kubwezeretsanso
Lamulo la Resources Conservation & Recovery Act (RCRA) lomwe linakhazikitsidwa ndikugwiritsidwa ntchito mu 1976 likhoza kuwonedwa ngati chiyambi cha kayendetsedwe ka chuma cha ulimi.
Mu 1994, bungwe la Environmental Protection Agency linapereka kachidindo ka epA530-R-94-003 kuti azitolera, kugawa, kupanga kompositi ndi kukonza pambuyo pokonza zinyalala zakumalo, komanso malamulo ndi mfundo zofananira.

Denmark |Kukonzekera zowonongeka
Kuyambira 1992, kukonza zowonongeka kwapangidwa.Kuyambira m'chaka cha 1997, zanenedwa kuti zinyalala zonse zomwe zimatha kuyaka ziyenera kukonzedwanso chifukwa mphamvu ndi kutayira pansi ndizoletsedwa.Mndandanda wa ndondomeko zogwira mtima zamalamulo ndi ndondomeko ya msonkho zakhazikitsidwa, ndipo ndondomeko zolimbikitsa zomveka bwino zakhazikitsidwa.

New Zealand |Malamulo
Kutaya dothi ndi kuwotcha zinyalala ndizoletsedwa, ndipo mfundo zopangira kompositi ndikugwiritsanso ntchito zimalimbikitsidwa.

UK |10 year plan
Dongosolo lazaka 10 "loletsa kugwiritsa ntchito peat pamalonda" lapangidwa, ndipo madera ambiri ku UK tsopano aletsa kugwiritsa ntchito peat m'malo mwa malonda.

Japan |Lamulo Loyang'anira Zinyalala (Lasinthidwa)
Mu 1991, boma la Japan lidakhazikitsa lamulo la "Waste Treatment Law (Revised Version)", lomwe likuwonetsa kusintha kwakukulu kwa zinyalala kuchokera ku "ukhondo" kupita ku "kuwongolera koyenera" kupita "kuwongolera kutulutsa ndi kukonzanso", ndikuyika ntchito yochotsa zinyalala. mfundo ya "grading".Amatanthauza Kuchepetsa, Kugwiritsanso ntchito, kubwezeretsanso, kapena kuvomereza kukonzanso kwakuthupi ndi mankhwala, Bweretsani ndi Kutaya.Malinga ndi ziwerengero, mu 2007, chiwopsezo chogwiritsanso ntchito zinyalala ku Japan chinali 52.2%, pomwe 43.0% idachepetsedwa ndi chithandizo.

Canada |Feteleza Sabata
Kubwezeretsanso kumagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti zinyalala za pabwalo ziwonongeke mwachilengedwe, ndiye kuti, nthambi zophwanyika ndi masamba zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati zophimba pansi.Canadian Fertilizer Council imatenga mwayi pa "Sabata ya Feteleza yaku Canada" yomwe imachitika kuyambira Meyi 4 mpaka 10 chaka chilichonse kulimbikitsa nzika kupanga kompositi yawo kuti zizindikire kugwiritsiridwa ntchitonso kwa zinyalala zakumalo [5].Pakadali pano, nkhokwe za kompositi 1.2 miliyoni zagawidwa m'mabanja m'dziko lonselo.Mukayika zinyalala mu kompositi kwa miyezi itatu, zinthu zosiyanasiyana monga maluwa ofota, masamba, mapepala ogwiritsidwa ntchito ndi tchipisi tamatabwa zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati feteleza wachilengedwe.

Belgium |Kompositi wosakanizidwa
Ntchito zobiriwira m'mizinda ikuluikulu monga Brussels akhala akugwiritsa ntchito kompositi yosakanikirana kuti athane ndi zinyalala zobiriwira.Mzindawu uli ndi malo 15 akulu otseguka opangira manyowa komanso malo anayi oyikamo matani 216,000 a zinyalala zobiriwira.Bungwe lopanda phindu la VLACO limakonza, limayang'anira khalidwe komanso limalimbikitsa zinyalala zobiriwira.Dongosolo lonse la kompositi la mzindawu limaphatikizidwa ndi kuwongolera kwaubwino, zomwe zimathandizira kwambiri kugulitsa msika.


Nthawi yotumiza: Mar-15-2022